Gender in Mesoamerica: Interpreting Gender Roles in Classic Maya Society
If anyone’s curious about gender roles in the pre-Columbian Mayan world, this is a good read: http://anthrojournal.com/issue/october-2011/article/gender-in-mesoamerica-interpreting-gender-roles-in-classic-maya-society
We know that maize grinding was woman’s work thanks to the examination of skeletons which are equivocally female and which show wear and tear on bones associated with this repetitive motion.
Also, they had some third and fourth gender gods.
I particularly liked the critique towards the end in which the author talks about “gender archaeology” typically being misconstrued as “feminist archaeology.” It got me thinking about gender studies in general, that the framework for it is basically feminist and often somewhat egalitarian and socialist. None of these things are bad per se, but we ought to be able to look at gender outside the feminist framework without it being construed as backwards or sexist or something.